• 攻擊台北飛行場! Battle of Formosa: Matsuyama Airdrome

    Posted on June 8th, 2012 Administrator 1 comment


    Source: Third Phase P.I. Report, April 1944. AFHRA via Academia Sinica 美國空軍歷史研究部(AFHRA)徵集成果

    上圖是美國陸軍航空隊在1944年3月2日拍攝的台北飛行場(也就是現在的松山機場)偵察照片,美軍偵察機在同年9月9日又拍攝了下面這張照片。兩者最大的不同,是跑道北面新增了一些大型方形掩體,另外在原來飛行場的南方又闢建了一座長方形的飛行場,稱為軍用簡易飛行場。
    The top reconnaissance of Matsuyama Airdrome (the predecessor of current Sungshan Airport) was taken in March 1944. On September 9 of the same year, the US military photoed the airdrome again (see the image below). Note that several square revetments had been constructed north of the airdrome. In addition, to the south of the airdrome, a new airstrip was being built.


    Source: NARA via Academia Sinica 中央研究院臺灣文史資源海外徵集與國際合作計畫「美國國家檔案館典藏臺灣舊航空照片」

    1944年10月12日,從美國海軍第38特遣艦隊碉堡山號航艦(USS Bunker Hill, CV-17)起飛的飛機攻擊了這座機場,下面這張照片就是在最上圖的棚廠與維修區(19 Hangar and repair area)上空向東拍攝的,照片中可見兩架雙引擎飛機(黃色箭頭)和兩架單引擎飛機(橘色箭頭)
    On October 12, 1944, aircraft from USS Bunker Hill (CV-17) of US Navy Task Force 38 struck this airdrome. The next strike photo was taken over the hangar and repair area (No. 19 in top photo), facing east. Two twin-engine aircraft (yellow arrows) and two single-engine aircraft (orange arrows) are visible.


    Source: NARA via Fold3.com

    以下照片比上一張略為偏西一些,可惜比較模糊,因此看不清上圖中的飛機,但可見跑道的偽裝條紋。
    The following photo was taken slightly to the west of the above one. It was out of focus and therefore it is very difficult to see the aircraft. Note the camouflage patterns of the runway.


    Source: NARA via Fold3.com

    下圖可見棚廠與維修區被炸中引發的爆炸。
    The next photo shows the explosions in the hangar and repair area.


    Source: NARA via Fold3.com

    下面這張照片是在軍用簡易飛行場西邊跑道頭上空拍攝的,遠方隱約可以看到一個白色的L形地標,那是松山煙草工場(後來成為松山菸廠)的蓄水池反射出來的光。
    The photo below was taken above the western end of the newly constructed airstrip. An L-shaped landmark is barely visible in the background. That was the reservoir in Sungshan Tobacco Factory.


    Source: NARA via Fold3.com

    下圖是1945年的松山煙草工場空照,蓄水池在照片右上角,相當於地理上的東南方。
    For your convenience, a 1945 reconnaissance photo of Sungshan Tobacco Factory was shown below. The reservoir can be seen in the upper right portion, corresponding to the southeast corner of the factory.


    Source: NARA via Academia Sinica 中央研究院臺灣文史資源海外徵集與國際合作計畫「美國國家檔案館典藏臺灣舊航空照片」

    如果跟以下的1966年CORONA衛星照片比較,就可以發現當年的棚廠與維修區即是現在航站大廈的所在。換句話說,如果美軍的攻擊行動發生在今天,在候機室裡就可以近距離目睹。
    Comparing to the following 1966 CORONA satellite image, you would see that the hangar and repair area in 1944 is where the current terminal building is located.


    Source: NARA via Academia Sinica 中央研究院臺灣文史資源海外徵集與國際合作計畫「臺灣CORONA衛星影像」

     

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