• 中台灣上空的威力掃蕩
    Fighter Sweep Over Central Formosa

    Posted on September 15th, 2013 Administrator 3 comments

    《攻擊北斗飛行場!》這一篇的結尾提到,美國海軍蘭利號航艦(USS Langley, CVL-27)上的第44魚雷機中隊在1945年1月3日完成攻擊北斗飛行場的任務後便行返航,而為他們護航的第44戰鬥機中隊F6F-5戰鬥機則繼續對其他地區進行掃蕩任務。
    On January 3, 1945, TBM-1C torpedo bombers of VT-44 and F6F-5 fighters took off USS Langley (CVL-27) to attack targets on central Formosa. On completion of their attack on Hokuto Airdrome (referred to as Keishu by the Americans, see the post “USN Hit Hokuto”), the torpedo bombers returned to the Langley while the fighters continued in a sweep of the remaining fields in the area.

    這些戰鬥機先飛到二林飛行場(美軍稱為路上厝[Rojoseki]飛行場,參見《二林飛行場寫真》一文),但是沒有發現任何日軍飛機。長機利用特別安裝在機上的F-56相機拍下了下面這張二林飛行場的照片,本文中所有任務中的照片都是長機拍攝的。
    The fighters first went to Rojoseki Airdrome, where no aircraft were observed. The team leader photographed the airfield with an F-56 camera specially mounted in his aircraft. (Please see the post “Photo of Rojoseki (Erlin) Airstrip”.) In fact, all the combat photos in this post were taken by this camera.

    這批飛機接著飛到草屯飛行場,同樣也沒有看到任何日軍飛機:
    The fighters then flew to Soton (currently Caotun, Nantou). Again, no aircraft were visible:

    如果在今天拍攝,上面這張照片看起來會像下圖這樣(我已經標示了飛行場的位置):
    If the photo had been taken today, it would look like this (the location of Soton Airdrome has been marked):

    草屯飛行場的舊址就在以下Google Maps的正中間:
    In the middle of the following Google Maps, the outline of Soton Airdrome is clearly visible:


    顯示詳細地圖

    接著他們飛抵現在鹿港鎮西側的鹿港飛行場,在長機帶領之下,從飛行場北方8000呎的高度開始由北往南發動攻擊。不過任務報告中並沒有附上相關的照片,只有以下的示意圖:
    When they arrived at Rokko (currently Lugang), the team leader led the fighters to the north, climbing to 8000 feet, from which the attack was begun on the field west of the town. The runs were made almost directly north to south. However, no photos but the following diagram was included in their action report:

    鹿港飛行場的位置:
    The location of Rokko Airdrome:


    在較大的地圖上查看鹿港飛行場

    攻擊完鹿港飛行場,這幾架戰鬥機又飛往美軍稱為鹿港東南飛行場(Rokko Southeast)的彰化飛行場,他們在這裡發現了至少二十架雙引擎或單引擎的日軍飛機。第一波的攻擊行動是從西北西方展開,兩架停在跑道北端的雙引擎飛機是他們掃射的主要目標。接著這些F6F戰鬥機再從北方發動第二波攻勢,對三架停在機場東北側滑行道上的雙引擎飛機和若干在掩體裡的飛機以機槍掃射或發射火箭。在完成對彰化飛行場的攻擊後,這批美軍戰鬥機便集合返回蘭利號航艦。下面這張任務報告裡的示意圖描繪了彰化飛行場和被攻擊的飛機位置。
    After the attack, the fighters rendezvoused to the south, and the team leader led them in strafing attacks on Rokko Southeast Airdrome (actually named Shoka), where at least 20 twin and single-engine planes were found. The first attack was initiated from west northwest. Two twin-engine aircraft were along the north end of the runway, and were strafed by several pilots on this run. The targets of the next run, which was initiated from north, were three twin-engine aircraft on the northeast taxiway and other twin-engine planes in revetments. See the diagram below for locations of planes on this field. On conclusion of these attacks, the flight rendezvoused and returned to base.

    三架停在機場東北側滑行道上的雙引擎飛機中的一架:
    One of the three twin-engine aircraft on the northeast taxiway:

    掩體中的雙引擎飛機:
    A revetted twin-engine aircraft:

    這架停在掩體裡的飛機被射中後冒出黑煙:
    Burning aircraft in revetment:

    另一架掩體中的飛機:
    Another revetted aircraft:

    我把上面四張攻擊過成照片的拍攝位置標示在以下這張不同日期拍攝的偵察照片上:
    The locations where the four combat photos above were taken are marked in the next reconnaissance photo. Note this photo was NOT taken during this attack.

    彰化飛行場的位置:
    Rokko S.E. (actually Shoka) Airdrome on Google Maps:


    在較大的地圖上查看彰化飛行場

     

    3 responses to “中台灣上空的威力掃蕩
    Fighter Sweep Over Central Formosa” RSS icon

    • Thank You for Your Postings and Information on Aviation from years past in Taiwan.

    • 請問您大作中篇頭刊載的地圖裡
      編號52的TOYOHARA SATELLITE 機場
      位置是否在后里?

    • ALECON:
      其實您只要跟現代地圖比較,就可以發現TOYOHARA SATELLITE的方位與后里不符。
      TOYOHARA SATELLITE大約在目前台中航空站的位置。
      后里在日治時期並沒有機場。


    Leave a reply