• 英軍對台空襲:冰山烏龍行動 (Part 3)
    The British Bombed Formosa: Operation Iceberg Oolong (Part 3)

    Posted on May 17th, 2013 Administrator No comments

    我取得的英國太平洋艦隊作戰報告中有幾項附件已經不在歸檔的檔案裡,其中是否有關於冰山烏龍行動的更詳細描述不得而知,我手上的戰報只有上面這個統計表可以看出攻擊台灣的飛機架次和損失(藍色方框內)。
    Since some of the original attachments were missing from the British Pacific Fleet action report, I was not able to find further details about Operation Iceberg Oolong. The above summary table provides the number of sorties and losses involved (in the blue box).

    日本方面的台灣總督府編列的四月份空襲狀況集計列舉12和13日兩天來襲的盟軍飛機架次如下。由於美國海軍的艦載機從一月下旬之後就不再攻擊台灣,所以表中的F4U顯然指的就是冰山烏龍行動裡的英國艦載機,只是日本人把參與行動的復仇者型轟炸機和海盜型戰鬥機都視為F4U,所以說不定日方也不知道這兩天攻擊台灣的是英國飛機。日方記錄第一天有86架飛機,與英軍記載的87架相去不遠;但是第二天的30架就跟英軍寫的69架差很多。
    The types and numbers of allied aircraft that raided Formosa on April 12 and 13 recorded by the Japanese Formosa Governor’s Office is shown in the table below. Obviously all the British aircraft, consisting of Avenger bombers and Corsair fighters, were (mis-)identified as F4U Corsairs. The Japanese record shows that there were 86 aircraft taking part in the attack on the first day, which is very close to the number given by the British. But the number for the April 13 raid is way off.

    B-24 B-25 B-29 P-38 P-47 P-51 PBM PB4Y A-20 F4U Unk.
    4/12 22 1 2 2 86 3
    4/13 12 9 8 8 1 30 3

    台灣總督府方面另外記載了遭受空席的地區,研判與冰山烏龍行動有關的為:4月12日的基隆市、淡水街、新竹海軍航空隊同周邊;4月13日的台北飛行場同周邊部落、基隆市郊外山中、新竹海軍航空隊。基本上與英軍的作戰記錄相符,但是13日少了宜蘭飛行場,也許這是為什麼當天記錄的飛機數量會差這麼多。
    Formosa Governor’s Office also recorded the areas that were affected by the air raids. Those related to Operation Iceberg Oolong included: Kiirun, Tamsui, and Shinchiku Naval Aviation Base on April 12; Taihoku Airdrome, Kiirun, and Shinchiku Naval Aviation base on April 13. The major discrepancy between the Japanese and British documents is that the Japanese record did not say anything about Giran Airdrome, which, according to the British records, was bombed on the 13th. This may explain why the number of aircraft on the Japanese record was 39 short on the 13th.

    台灣總督府的記錄還包括受損的工廠名稱(如下表),看來都在基隆到台北一帶。

    全文完。
    This concludes the series of the posts on Operation Iceberg Oolong.

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