• 攻擊東港 (1)! Battle of Formosa: Toko (1)

    Posted on April 28th, 2012 Administrator No comments


    Source: Formosa Interim Report, February 1944. AFHRA via Academia Sinica 美國空軍歷史研究部(AFHRA)徵集成果

    美國海軍第38特遣艦隊的航空母艦群在1944年10月12日對台灣發動了一次全面性的攻擊,這項行動一共持續了三天,數百架次從航艦起飛的美國飛機分頭攻擊遍佈全島的目標。當今的東港大鵬灣在日治時期是一座水上飛機基地,美軍在1944年2月的一份情報分析報告將其列為第162號目標(如上圖),也是美國海軍飛機這次攻擊的重要對象。
    On October 12, 1944, US Navy Task Force 38 launched a comprehensive attack against Formosa. For three days, hundreds of sorties were flown from US Navy carriers in West Pacific to strike targets all over Formosa. Toko (currently Donggang, Pingtung) was an important seaplane base for the Japanese military at the time and was designated Target 162 by the intelligence analysis Taiwan Interim Report, February 1944 (see above photo). It was also among the targets that were struck during the October 1944 mission.

    以下這張偵察照片攝於1944年3月,除了東港水上飛機基地,也涵蓋了目前稱為大鵬灣的水域。照片可清楚看到兩座長方形的大型棚廠,為了便於討論,以下把左邊的棚廠稱為1號,右邊那座則稱為2號。
    The reconnaissance photo below, taken in March 1944, covered the Toko lagoon (now called Dapeng Bay), as well as the seaplane base. Two large rectangular hangars by the ramp were clearly visible. For identification purposes, I will refer to the hangar on the left as No. 1 and the one on the right as No. 2.


    Source:NARA via Academia Sinica 中央研究院臺灣文史資源海外徵集與國際合作計畫「美國國家檔案館典藏臺灣舊航空照片」

    在下面兩張10月12日拍攝的連續照片裡,1號棚廠已經被擊中,一架停在2號棚廠前的大型飛機也冒出了熊熊的濃煙。照片裡還可看見參與任務的美軍飛機(箭頭指處)。
    In the following two continuous photos, No. 1 hangar had been hit during the attack on October 12, as well as a multi-engine aircraft in front of No. 2 hangar. Notice the US Navy fighter indicated by the arrows.


    Source: NARA via Fold3.com


    Source: NARA via Fold3.com

    以下照片可見2號棚廠前燃燒中的飛機,右上角箭頭指處則是一架小型的水上飛機。
    The next photo shows the burning aircraft in front of No. 2 hangar. A small seaplane can be seen in the lagoon as indicated by the arrow in the upper-right corner.


    Source: NARA via Fold3.com

    下面的照片顯示1號棚廠前的水中也停了一架多發動機的大型水上飛機,因為有白煙從機上冒出,所以應該是被擊中了。
    The following photo shows that a large seaplane was anchored in the water in front of No. 1 hangar. It probably had been hit as hinted by the smoke.


    Source: NARA via Fold3.com

    接下來的照片顯示前一張照片裡被擊中的飛機冒出更多的濃煙,而1號棚廠前的空地上還停了另一架大型飛機,前面提到的小型水上飛機也可看到。
    In the next photo, more smoke billowed from the anchored aircraft in the previous photo. It also reveals that another multi-engine aircraft was parked on apron before No.1 hangar. The smaller seaplane previously mentioned can also be seen.


    Source: NARA via Fold3.com

    以下這張照片是一架B-29轟炸機在1945年1月拍攝的,可以清楚看到1號棚廠的屋頂破了一大片,棚廠前的停機坪也有燒焦的痕跡。
    The next photo was taken by a B-29 bomber in January 1945. The damage done to Toko Seaplane Base by Task Force 38 was clearly visible. The saw-tooth roof of No. 1 hangar was badly damaged. Burn marks were all over the service apron in front of the hangars.


    Source: NARA via Academia Sinica 中央研究院臺灣文史資源海外徵集與國際合作計畫「美國國家檔案館典藏臺灣舊航空照片」

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