• 福興鄉日據時代飛行基地(Rokko Airdrome)

    Posted on October 10th, 2010 Administrator 6 comments

    九月下旬一時興起,約了曾經在台南和清泉崗基地服役的美國友人Gene Hirte,跑到彰化縣福興鄉尋找當年日據時代飛行基地的遺跡。由於出發在Google Earth上作足了功課,所以雖然有點走錯路,還是很快的就找到了下圖中的碉堡(A)。
    Accompanied by Gene Hirte, who had stationed in Tainan and CCK air bases, I drove to Fushing Township of Changhwa County to find what remains of Rokko Airdrome, built by the Japanese when they occupied Taiwan. Since I had done my homework on Google Earth, I had little difficulty finding the pillbox (A) in the following photo.

    另外一座碉堡(B)比較不好找,在Google Earth的Street View上只能看到半個頭,實地則必須走進一個小巷才能在一處老宅前面看到。
    Two such pillboxes remain on the site. The other one (B) is only partially visible on Google Earth Street View. You would need turn into an alley from the street to find it in front of an old brick house.

    許多日據時代修築的機場四周都挖了護「城」河,這些人造的溝渠在卸下保護機場的責任後,變成了灌溉農田的水利設施和排水管道,所以當然要拍個照(C):
    Airfields built in the Japanese colony era were usually surrounded by canals for security. After the war, these canals have become an integral part of Taiwan’s irrigation system for agriculture and flood protection.

    在下面中央研究院從美國國家檔案局(NARA)取的空照圖中,前述的三個景點分別以A、B、C標示如下,溝渠的照片是在C的地點往左手邊方向拍的。
    In the following reconnaissance photo provided by NARA via Academia Sinica, the two pillboxes (A and B) and where I took the photo of the canal (C) are marked:

    註記A的碉堡在下面這張美軍的空中偵察照片中清晰可見:
    Pillbox A is visible in this aerial photo taken by American aircraft:

    Google Earth的使用者可以在此下載兩座碉堡的位置。 Google Earth users may want to download the kmz file to locate the two pillboxes.

    雖然這座機場在美軍的偵察照片上都被註明是鹿港機場(Rokko Airdrome),其實它位於現在的福興鄉內(也許日據時代這裡就叫鹿港吧),所以你在德州大學所提供的鹿港舊地圖上所看到的機場並不是這一座。
    Although this airfield was marked as Rokko Airdrome (Rokko is the Japanese pronunciation of the current name Lugang) on American reconnaissance photos, it is in fact not located in Lugang but in Fushing Township. Maybe Fushing was part of Lugang at that time. The airfield marked in the Rokko City Plan provided by the University of Texas is NOT the one I visited.

    最近幾個星期都在看中央研究院提供的美國國家檔案局空照圖,發現台灣在日據時代密密麻麻的佈滿了飛行場,尤其是高屏地區更是密集。更讓我感到興奮的是,我找到一些我從來不知道的飛行場地點。以後我會陸續跟大家分享我的發現,只是東西真的很多,所以會需要一些時間。

     

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