• 大肚山飛行場平面圖 (Dadu Mountain Airdrome on Google Earth & Maps)

    Posted on March 27th, 2011 Administrator 14 comments

    在眾多的日據時代機場中,有兩座一直是我心中的謎,因為始終找不到它們的空照圖,也就無法確定它們的地點– –直到昨天。其中一座就是大肚山飛行場。
    I had been trying hard to locate Dadu Mountain Airdrome but could not find it, until yesterday. With the help of the Taiwan Area Airdrome Plans (Taiwan Garrison Command Headquarters, 1945), which I obtained from National Archives Administration last Friday, the mystery is finally solved.

    下面是「台灣區各機場要圖」裡的大肚山飛行場平面圖,台灣以新庄子、南寮為名的地方不只一處,但井子頭只在大肚鄉有,尋覓已久的大肚山飛行場就這樣找到了。
    The following chart from the Taiwan Area Airdrome Plans reveals the location and configuration of Dadu Mountain Airdrome.

    確定了大肚山飛行場的位置後,我再回頭去找台中地區的空照圖,不過就只找到以下這張飛行場北端的斜照照片。
    After locating the airdrome, I dug into the photo archive and found the following oblique photo of the north end of the airfield. This is only photo of Dadu Mountain Airdrome I could find.

    根據以上資料繪製的大肚山飛行場平面位置圖如下:

    • Download the kmz file of the airdrome plan for Google Earth.
    • View the airdrome plan on Google Maps.

    拿到飛行場要圖之前,曾經想利用1966年CORONA衛星照片找出飛行場遺留的紋理。如今看看同位置的衛星照片,就可以理解當初為什麼一直找不到,因為地面幾乎看不到任何飛行場的紋理。
    Before I got hold of the Taiwan Area Airdrome Plans, I had tried the 1966 CORONA satellite images, hoping to find anything indicative of the airfield. The following image is the satellite photo of the aidrome area. Absolute nothing can tell that there once was an airfield at this location.

    距離跑道南端大約2.5公里處,有一座吊鐘型碉堡,這應該是大肚山飛行場僅存的遺跡。
    About 2.5 km south of the runway, there is a pillbox. This is probably the only thing that was left.

     

    15 responses to “大肚山飛行場平面圖 (Dadu Mountain Airdrome on Google Earth & Maps)” RSS icon

    • Great work. Always wondered where that airport was to the west of Taichung. Now it is solved. Now only Houli and Taichung south need to be located and all the airports around Taichung are found. Thanks.
      Have a great day.
      Gene

    • Michael Turton

      It is incredible that something as substantial as an airfield could vanish so rapidly….

      I’m in Pingtung and wanting to find some old airfields there tomorrow. I plan to visit the one in Donggang. Do you know where the old seaplane base was? In Yuguang? or where?

      Michael

    • 這也是我的疑問之一,幾年前開始在網路上找這些消失的機場,有討論認為大肚山機場在此位置南方的望高寮(N24.8,E120.35),現在還有跑道存在,之前是陸軍O機在使用,也有說是在四箴國中附近,就是此位置.
      不過台中地區據說機場甚多,有台中(水湳),公館(CCK),台中東(太平勤益科大附近?),大肚山,后里(馬場?),豐原(?),梧棲(?),新社,頭嵙山,以上都被提起過.
      現在知道大肚山確切位置,那望高寮是日軍所建?或是國軍所建?

    • Michael:
      Please check your mail box. Thanks.

    • 之前我也曾以為望高寮那條「跑道」是大肚山飛行場的遺跡。不過用Google Earth一量,長度還不到200公尺,對O-1來說也太危險了。我一個朋友告訴我,那條跑道是玩遙控飛機的人建的。
      台中東就在太平的坪林營區,我只發現一張日據時代的斜照相片,但「台灣區飛機場要圖」裡恰好有它的圖,所以過幾天就會po上來。
      我不認為頭嵙山是日據時代的機場,因為跑道太短了,而且那裡真是群山環繞,日本人應該沒必要把機場蓋在那裡。你可以看看我寫的頭嵙山陸航基地衛星照片那篇。
      豐原可能就是公館,因為美國人在它的照片上都註明Toyohara(豐原的日文)。
      后里、梧棲都找不到照片或平面圖。

    • 看到網友gene提到Taichung south,有此機場嗎?會是台中大里的竹子坑營區?從corna 1966衛星圖看來有點遺跡.
      后里會是七星崗營區嗎?

    • I was just speaking with a relative about it the other night. He mentioned seeing Japanese airplanes around the airfield shot down on a regular basis. The American bombers and their escorts would simply wait at high altitude for the intercepters to take off, and then the escort fighters would dive in for the kill.

      That is also where the kamikaze would train.

    • WENWANG:
      我會寫信問一下Gene,因為我沒聽過台中南。
      鍾堅的「台灣航空決戰」說后里就是七星崗,可是就我僅有的一張后里地區空照圖來看,那個地點看不出來有機場。

    • Andrew,
      Thank you very much for the additional info. I guess very few people remember there used to be an airfield at this location.

    • Wei Ben –
      I was talking to a descendent of the famous Lin Family of Wufong and he took me to a location Lat 24.040412 Lon 120.724357
      where the Japanese were considering building a airdrome but it was never started. Also I talked to a person in Taian and he stated he was told by his father that there was a Japanese airport in Houli. It was situated to the north of the present day army horse stable Lat 24.300301 Lon 120.733460 where people are buried in a temple cemetery. I look over the area to the north but with no results.
      Good luck.
      Gene

    • Administrator

      Gene:
      Many thanks for your info. Perhaps the Japanese did not built an airfield at the location in Wufong because that place was not wide enough. Japanese airfields normally measured 1500m in length at least. If an airfield were to be built there, a lot of dirt would have to be moved. But this is my guess.
      As for the location in Houli, I checked the aerial photos but could not find signs of airdromes. We can discuss it in a future post.

    • 版主你好,
      我目前在進行大肚台地碉堡群的調查研究,
      不知是否有機會可以與你更進一步深談?
      謝謝!

    • Mr. Tsai: 請至電子郵件信箱收信,謝謝!

    • 您好
      目前受臺中市文資處之委託,進行望高寮機槍堡之調查,目前從日本國立公文檔案有找到當時台灣軍於大肚山飛行場建構防禦陣地,望高寮機槍堡有可能是為了防禦大肚山飛行場而建,但我需要更多的證據,因此對你的研究相當有興趣,不知你是否有機會跟你訪談。謝謝

    • 您好,關於大肚山望高寮處的那條跑道,小弟剛剛用中研院的百年歷史地圖來對照過,那條跑道在1985年的第一版經建版地形圖中首次出現,名稱為「臺中航空協會機場」,當時仍以虛線標示(暗示未興建完成?)。在1992年的第二版就以實線標示了。
      該跑道在較早的地圖中都沒有出現:
      1. 1982年的臺中市圖、臺中市區圖中都沒有。
      2. 1976年的航照影像有類似犁平土地的痕跡出現,但位置並不一樣。
      3. 1970年的臺中市地形圖中沒有標示,而且該處地形看起來仍是原始山坡的樣子。
      4. 1944年的美軍五萬分之一地形圖中也同樣沒有標示。如果日據時代就存在的話,美軍不太可能沒有注意到。
      所以應該是在1985年前後才開始興建的,但關於「臺中航空協會」的資訊網路上找不太到,可能就如板主所說,是一群遙控飛機愛好者吧XD


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