• 攻擊後龍!
    USN Hit Koryu (Houlong)

    Posted on August 28th, 2013 Administrator No comments

    1945年1月3日清晨,美國海軍航空母艦胡蜂號(USS Wasp,CV-18)派遣28架隸屬第81戰鬥機中隊的F6F-5戰鬥機,前往台灣上空執行任務。其中8架的任務是為第81魚雷機中隊的TBM-1提供掩護;另外4架是空中照相小組(其中只有一架負責拍照);其餘16則負責武力偵巡與戰轟任務。然而由於天氣惡劣,無法與魚雷機會合,所以其中18架飛機一同對指定目標區發動攻擊,另有4架改為攻擊台灣東岸的目標,空中照相小組則按計畫執行照相任務。
    On the morning of January 3, 1945, VF-81 onboard the USS Wasp (CV-18) launched 28 F6F-5 for missions over Formosa. Of the aircraft scheduled for this flight, 8 were assigned to cover VT-81’s TBM-1, 4 were a photo division, and 16 were to fly target combat air patrol and make fighter-bomber attacks. However, unfavorable weather make rendezvous difficult and as a result the flight split up as follows: No planes were able to rendezvous with the VT planes; the photo division performed its mission intact; 18 planes stayed together and attacked in the target area; and 4 planes struck at an alternative target on the East coast of Formosa.

    這18架戰鬥機飛越北部山區後抵達後龍一帶,便以火箭、炸彈、機槍對後龍飛行場的建築與設施發動攻擊,但過程中不見任何日軍飛機。之後往西飛到台灣海峽的半途中發現海線鐵路有兩列火車,其中一列是由大約50節油罐車組成的列車,另一列則是有大約10節車廂的客車。兩列火車都遭到機槍掃射,火車頭爆炸,幾節油罐車廂起火。此外,海邊的一艘舢舨也被攻擊。
    The main body of VF planes proceeded to the Koryu area after flying across the mountains near the Northern end of Formosa. A rocket, bombing, and strafing attack was made on Koryu airifield with emphasis on airfield buildings and installations in the absence of aircraft. During rendezvous to the west of Koryu over Formosa Straits, two trains were noticed near the shore line; one was an oil tank train of about 50 cars and the other was a passenger train of about 10 cars. Both locomotives were fired and exploded and several oil tank cars were set afire. Shortly after this attack, a small (50′) sampan was strafed and probably sunk.

    負責空中照相的唯一一架F6F-5(P)順利拍攝了後龍、紅毛、新竹等飛行場的垂直照片,但也遭遇了這幾座飛行場的日軍防空砲火,新竹飛行場的砲火尤其猛烈,但都沒有對這架飛機造成損害。以下照片裡的列車就是上述的油罐列車:
    The Photo plane made vertical photo coverage of Koryu, Shinchiku, and Koko airfields. Moderate AA was encountered over Koryu and Koko airfields and intense AA was experienced over Shinchiku. The following photo (click to enlarge) shows the oil tank train under attack.

    比對後發現場景就是現在的海線大山車站:
    The attack took place at what is now Dashan Station, north of Houlong:


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    下面照片則是客車被攻擊後的情形:
    The train in the next photo was the passenger train mentioned above.

    這個場景就在前一個的北方不遠處:
    The scene was further north of the previous one:


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