• F-5A/B Freedom Fighter (Part 1)

    Posted on July 16th, 2006 Administrator 6 comments
    F-5A preserved at Taitung AFB

    Among all the jet fighter ROCAF, the F-5A and F-5B are arguably the types that have drawn the least public attention.  This is probably because they had never seen combat in their service life with ROCAF and also because they were small in number (fewer than 100 in total).  However, some of these F-5A not only had played an important role in international affairs but also may have fought real combats, though not in ROCAF markings.  In this regard, the nickname Freedom Fighter seems rather appropriate.

    According to the US Military Assistance Program Master File, Taiwan had received 72 F-5A and 11 F-5B by 1970.  The breakdown by Program Years is given in the following two tables:

      F-5A
    Program Year 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1970 Total
    Quantity 7 10 26 22 5 2 72
    MAP Unit Price $713,803 $692,000 $666,000 $716,000 $806,960 $920,000 N/A
    MAP Dollar Cost $4,996,621 $6,920,000 $17,316,000 $15,752,000 $4,034,800 $1,840,000 $50,859,421
      F-5B
    Program Year 1964 1966 1967 Total
    Quantity 2 4 5 11
    MAP Unit Price $755,000 $697,000 $786,220 N/A
    MAP Dollar Cost $1,510,000 $2,788,000 $3,931,100 $8,229,100

    In 1972, the United States undertook Project Enhance and Project Enhance Plus to improve the combat capabilities of South Vietnam’s armed forces before the cease fire.  As part of Project Enhance Plus, the US government requested that the ROC loan 48 of its F-5A to augment the Vietnamese Air Force (VNAF) during November 1972.  Under the understanding in which ROC loaned the aircraft, the US agreed to station two squadrons of USAF F-4 in Taiwan until the loaned aircraft could be returned or replaced.  The US also loaned 28 T-38A to ROC for 30 months to meet ROCAF training needs.  The US was to return 20 F-5A to Taiwan, plus 28 new F-5E.  The ROC government cooperated by sending 48 F-5A aircraft as well as spare parts and support equipment, including 17 J85-13 engines.

    (To be continued.)

     

    6 responses to “F-5A/B Freedom Fighter (Part 1)” RSS icon

    • 感謝站長,F-5A/B的資料正是我須要的,在此有些疑問

      F-5A的資料從1963到1970年獨缺1969年,但我的資料顯示1963年到1970年每年空軍都有接收F-5A,空軍從1963年到1970年間接收的F-5A/B數量應該超過100架(不含後序再買進的),其中F-5B從MAP接收11架是正確的F-5A也有90架左右,可能是缺1969年的才使得您統計的數字只有72架

    • 從美軍序號來統計,台灣接收的F-5A/B數量如下
      FY64 A–7 B–2
      FY65 A–11
      FY66 A–30 B–3
      FY67 A–17 B–6
      FY68 A–2
      FY69 A–22
      FY70 A–2
      Total A–91 B–11

      空軍的F-5A/B序號雖然大至上是以美軍序號排列,但可能是出廠或交機日期的關係,有幾架就例外

      以前在機校受訓時,大隊長是F-5A出身的,他有說過他曾飛F-5A被米格機追過,當時只是學生,就沒辦法問詳細的情形

    • Administrator

      我另外查了Military Assistance Program 1000 System Delivery Master File,2000年度的一筆「總計」記錄顯示美國總共軍援台灣72架F-5A,跟上面的分年列表相符。我認為美國政府的統計數字跟CAF2000的數字不同的可能原因有以下幾項:

      1. 美國政府的檔案漏列了1969年度的資料。
      2. 我引用的美國政府檔案只包含軍援(Military Assistance Program)的部分,但CAF2000提到我國後續有再買進。
      3. 美國在1974年歸還我國20架F-5A,這20架來自越南空軍退下的47架,而這47架混雜了我國和南韓在1972年提供給Enhance Plus的F-5A。美國空軍在歸還時,不見得會按照原始的序號來決定哪一架還給我國,哪一架還給南韓,所以如果以序號統計,數量就多出來了。

      各位先進還有其他看法嗎?

    • Could the 1969’s F-5A, 22 total, were the first batch of fighter that Taiwan paid full price for, ie didn’t get any sort of discount under Military Assistance Program. Remember that we were taught in Taiwan that F-5 were the first aircraft ROCAF bought with full price, without any US aid/assistance/money….

    • 日本世界傑作機的F-5A/T-38專輯中有提到臺灣的F-5A/B大多來自MAP,但其中有19架F-5A與10架F-5B是自費購買,這10架F-5B應該是指「牛安計畫」購入的12架F-5B,主要是供1聯隊換裝F-5E使用,但19架F-5A有可能是指1969年這批,也有可能是1974年從越南歸還的20架F-5A,其中後者比較有可能,因為時間上與牛安計畫的12架F-5B比較接近

      1974年美國歸還的20架的F-5A,可以確定的是大部份都是來自台灣提供的48架F-5A中的一部份,目前我收集的資料至少可以確定其中14架的機號,以前我一直找不到美國歸還的數量及時間,但可以確定那48架F-5A未全部回到台灣,其中有一架目前還留在越南,另有2架去到了韓國,比較有趣的是空軍序號1292號的F-5A原來是韓國空軍在1972年提供給越南的F-5A其中的1架,另外空軍序號1293是一架美國空軍4503中隊在越南戰場上使用的F-5C SKOSHI TIGER,但我無法確定這兩架F-5A是否是20架的其中2架

    • 1975年4月2日美國駐台大使館發給國務卿的一份電報(SUBJECT: SECURITY ASSISTANCE ASSESSMENT, FY 76-81)提到了CAF2000所說自費購買的12架F-5B:

      THE FIRST PRIORITY ITEM IN FY 76-77 IS THE F-5E/B PROGRAM ($83 MILLION). CREDITS PROVIDED IN FY-77 WILL COMPLETE OUR COMMITMENT UNDER THE F-5E/B MOU. ON COMPLETION OF THE PROGRAM, 100 F-5E’S WILL HAVE BEEN CO-ASSEMBLED/CO-PRODUCED, AND 12 F-5B’S WILL HAVE BEEN PURCHASED.


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