• 本月歷史事件: 1945/01/14 B-29轟炸嘉義飛行場
    This Month in History: 1945/01/14 B-29 Bombed Kagi Airdrome

    Posted on January 12th, 2013 Administrator No comments


    Source: NARA via Fold3.com

    美國陸軍的B-29重型轟炸機在1944年10月轟炸過台灣南部後,隔了兩個月才又對台灣進行轟炸。1945年1月9日,39架從中華民國四川起飛的美軍B-29對台灣的基隆投下了293噸的炸彈(另有6架B-29改炸中國沿岸)。之後,美國陸軍第20轟炸司令部決定於1月14日再度轟炸台灣,首要目標是新竹飛行場,另以嘉義與屏東飛行場作為預備目標。1月14日當天,任務指揮官根據先遣的天氣觀測機回報決定以嘉義為主要目標,上面的照片即是當天遭54架B-29轟炸前的嘉義飛行場,可見當地能見度頗佳,照片下半部的棚場前面還可看到十多架飛機。
    Two months passed after the B-29 of US Army XX Bomber Command hit southern Formosa in October, 1944, the B-29 struck again. On January 9, 1945, forty-six B-29 took from four airfields around Chengdu, ROC, and thiry-nine of them dropped 293 tons of bombs on Kiirun (Keelung) with unobserved results. That job completed, operational planners picked Shinchiku (Hsinchu) Airdrome as the primary target of the next mission, with Kagi (Chiayi) and Heito (Pingtung) as the alternative. On January 14, a wing commander made the last-minute decision on the basis of reports from a weather scout and chose Kagi as the primary target. The above photo was taken moments before 54 B-29 laid bombs on Kagi Airdrome.

    但沒多久之後,嘉義飛行場就成了人間煉獄:
    Then Kagi Airdrome became hell:


    Source: NARA via Fold3.com

    稍後一波轟炸對準飛行場東南隅的棚廠和營舍區:
    The next waves of bombs fell on the hangars and barracks on the southeast corner of the base:


    Source: NARA via Fold3.com

    接下來的一波炸彈落到更偏東南的位置:
    Bombs from the later waves were dropped further southeast:


    Source: NARA via Fold3.com

    以下是拍攝日期不詳的轟炸成果偵察照片。根據美軍的分析,20%的棚廠與營舍區被炸毀,46%受損,另有16架地面飛機被炸中。
    The post-strike photo, taken on an unknown date, is shown below. According to subsequent analysis, 20% of the building area had been destroyed, 46% damaged, and 16 planes on the field had been hit.


    Source: NARA via Fold3.com

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