• GRC-115

    Posted on September 12th, 2009 Administrator No comments

    The Chinese shot down the U-2 for the first time on September 9 of 1962, killing the pilot Chen Huai (陳懷). Before this fateful mission, Chen had flown three other operational missions in the U-2, including the first ever Blackcat mission GRC-100. But unlike his first mission, whose aim was to collect intelligence on the development of Chinese long-range missiles in Central China, the second mission Chen flew, GRC-115, was to cover the coastal provinces of East China.

    中共在1962年9月9日,首度以地對空飛彈擊落U-2,飛行員陳懷殉職。在這次死亡任務之前,陳懷另外執行過三次U-2偵察任務,包括黑貓中隊的首次任務。不過陳懷的第二次任務,並不是到中國內陸去蒐集中共發展長程飛彈的情報,而是偵察海峽對岸的省分。

    In early 1962, thousands of hungry Chinese refugees fled to Hong Kong, which helped convince President Chiang Kai-Shek that time was ripe to launch military operations against China and win back some coastal provinces. In response, the Chinese Communist Party issued the Instructions about Crushing KMT Troops Invading Southeast Coastal Areas (關於準備粉碎國民黨軍進犯東南沿海地區的指示) to the Chinese people on June 10. Its military then moved troops to Fukien Province opposite Taiwan. Special National Intelligence Estimate (SNIE) 13-5-62, dated June 20, stated that the Chinese Communists had moved seven army divisions, with possibly five more on the way, across the Strait from Taiwan, representing “the largest such movement since the Korean War.”

    1962年春天,蔣中正總統看到大陸政局動盪不安、經濟陷入崩潰的邊緣,認為這是天賜良機,於是積極準備以軍事反攻大陸。中共當然對於蔣總統的企圖有所反應,毛澤東在5月緊急召見人民解放軍總參謀長羅瑞卿,命令羅積極備戰。中共在6月10日發佈了「關於準備粉碎國民黨軍進犯東南沿海地區的指示」,同時調集了大批的兵力陸續向福建地區集結。美國在6月中旬所獲得的情報顯示,中共已經調動了7個師的兵力,預計後續還有5個師加入。雖然美國認為這是中共自韓戰爆發以來最大規模的兵力調動,卻不清楚中共的真正目的為何。

    As a consequence, CIA stepped up Det H’s intelligence collection efforts and planned eight NESTEGG in June alone. However, due to uncooperating weather, three were cancelled.

    中情局因此開始密集運用黑貓中隊的U-2,來瞭解中共的真正意圖。光是在1962年6月的一個月之中,就安排了8次對中國大陸的偵察任務,但其中3次因天候因素而取消。

    The first U-2 mission flown to gather intelligence on the Chinese military buildup was GRC-115.

    陳懷的第二次任務GRC-115就是中情局因應當時情勢所規劃的任務中的第一次。

    If you are interested, you may want to plot the mission route given in the mission plan:

    以下是GRC-115的任務規劃,包括了預定的飛行路線:

    Although Washington estimated that very real possibility existed that Chinese Communists intend full scale attack against some of offshore islands, the take from GRC-115 found no unusual naval or air activities on the Chinese side.

    雖然美國當局研判中共很有可能對我方控制的離島發動攻擊,GRC-115的偵照結果卻沒有發現中共海空軍有任何不尋常的動作。

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