• 中國廣州周邊的舊機場
    Old Airfields Around Guangzhou, China

    Posted on September 22nd, 2012 Administrator 4 comments

    王太佑在1962年3月26日執行他個人首次U-2偵察任務,編號為GRC-106,這次偵照任務的目標幾乎把中國東南各省的機場都涵蓋在內。中情局的照片判讀人員在王太佑拍攝的照片中總共發現了34座機場,在廣州附近拍到的機場就有四座,以下是該次任務的初步照相判讀報告(IPIR)所列的其中兩座:
    Tiger Wang of ROCAF’s 35th Squadron carried out his first-ever U-2 reconnaissance mission (GRC-106) over China on March 26, 1962. This mission covered most airfields in the southeast China. CIA’s photo interpreters found as many as 34 airfields in the photos! The following image, taken from GRC-106 Immediate Photographic Interpretation Report, lists two of the four airfields found around Canton (now Guangzhou):


    Source: CIA

    這兩座機場在當時都已經廢棄,經過五十年的物換星移,加上我沒有U-2拍攝的照片,所以儘管報告提供了大略的經緯度,我一直無法確認這兩座機場的位置。

    沒想到我現在研究的二次大戰美軍作戰記錄會派上用場,我在美國海軍拍攝的偵察照片中找到了黃埔和天河這兩座機場的空照圖。以下這張是黃埔機場的照片:
    Since I did not have the photos taken by the U-2 on this mission, I wasn’t able to locate these two airfields on modern satellite image. Incidentally, I discovered aerial reconnaissance photos of them taken by the US Navy during WWII. The next photo shows Huang-Pu Airfield in 1945:


    Source: NARA via Fold3.com

    不過由於廣州在近十多年來發展迅速,地貌變化劇烈,我花了一番工夫才找到黃埔機場的確切位置(白線繪出的輪廓):
    Terrain around Guangzhou has changed so much that it took me a while to locate Huang-Pu Airfield on Google Earth:


    Source: NARA via Fold3.com

    透過Google動態地圖來看:
    You may want to explore the neighborhood on Google Maps:


    檢視較大的地圖

    下面這張則是天河機場在二次大戰期間的空照圖:
    The image below shows Tien-Ho Airfield in WWII:


    Source: NARA via Fold3.com

    網路上有資料說天河機場就位於現在的天河體育中心,所以稍加比對後,就可以確認天河機場的位置(白線繪出的輪廓):
    The current Tien-Ho Sports Center was built on the site of the former Tien-Ho Airfield. So it was not difficult to locate it.


    Source: NARA via Fold3.com

    各位也可以利用以下的Google動態地圖對附近區域作探索:
    Explore Tien-Ho area on Google Maps:


    檢視較大的地圖

    美軍在二次大戰期間還在天河的東北方不遠處拍到一座「University Airfield」:
    The US Navy also photographed a “University Airfield” nearby:


    Source: NARA via Fold3.com

    由於跑道邊有一個弧形的池塘,所以我很快就在Google衛星照片上找到,發現這座機場應該還在使用中:
    University Airfield is probably still operational. But I have no idea which university it was referred to.


    檢視較大的地圖

    至於美軍所稱的University是指哪一所大學,我就不清楚了。

    有關黑貓中隊與快刀計畫的其他內幕,請參閱【快刀計畫揭密】一書。

     

    4 responses to “中國廣州周邊的舊機場
    Old Airfields Around Guangzhou, China” RSS icon

    • 这个机场所在的地方,现在叫华南农业大学。
      当年是中山大学农学院的范围。
      美军所称的“university”应该就是中大

    • 謝謝您提供的資訊。

    • 上文那座University Airfield叫“岑村机场”,现在还在使用,经常见直升机,机场旁边是华南农业大学和华南植物园

    • 我小的时候(70年代初)天河机场主跑道还在,跑道上面建了各种仓库,当时周边有不少机库,拱形的像个小山包,现在的天河城广百那个位置就是一个小山包机库。


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