• 在台北刑務所被日軍處決的美軍戰俘 American POWs Executed by Japanese Army in Taihoku Prison (Part 6)

    Posted on September 7th, 2012 Administrator No comments

    以上的短片是前美國陸軍航空隊士官Harry J. Spivey的家屬製作的,除了紀念在二次大戰中犧牲的Spivey,影片的另一個目的是尋找幸運生還下來的Spivey同袍Michael C. Sherdon少尉。事實上,影片前半段的文字是取自Sherdon少尉在戰後接受一家報社採訪的文字。
    This YouTube video was made by the family of the former USAAC S/Sgt Harry J. Spivey in the hope of finding his comrade 2nd Lt Michael C. Sherdon. In fact, the text in the first half of the video was taken word for word from the newspaper interview of Sherdon after he returned to the US after WWII.

    Spivey和Sherdon都是美軍第90重轟炸大隊B-24(序號44-49432)上的機員,這架轟炸機在1945年2月18日的一次轟炸台灣任務中,被日軍的地面防空砲火擊落,當時這架B-24上的乘員多達13人(姓名與階級如下表)。根據目擊的護航P-38戰鬥機飛行員表示,總共有5人跳傘逃生,但其中一人的降落傘沒有打開,可能當場就摔死。順利跳傘降落地面的4名機員除了Spivey和Sherdon,還包括Bobbie L. Lawrence和Merlin W. Riggs,他們都被日軍俘虜。
    Both Spivey and Sherdon were among the crew of 90th BG B-24 serialed 44-49432, which was shot down on a Formosa bombing mission on February 18, 1945. The entire crew consisted of 13 members, whose names and ranks are given in the next image. According to the witness reports by the pilots of the escorting P-38 fighters, five crewmen bailed out from the burning bomber but only four parachutes opened. In addition to Spivey and Sherdon, Bobbie L. Lawrence and Merlin W. Riggs survived the shootdown. They were all captured by the Japanese military after they landed in southern Formosa.


    Source: NARA via Fold3.com

    這4個人之中唯一的軍官Sherdon因為情報價值較高,後來被轉送到聲名狼籍的日本大船戰俘營。留在台灣的另外3人卻在當年5月被日軍以戰犯的罪名起訴,判處死刑。6月19日,Spivey、Lawrence、Riggs和其他不同時間被俘的11名美軍官兵在台北刑務所被日軍處決。
    Since Sherdon was the only officer among the four, he was sent to Ofuna POW camp in Japan for his intelligence value. The other three were charged as war criminals and sentenced to death in May 1945. On June 19, Spivey, Lawrence, Riggs, and eleven other American POWs were executed in Taihoku Prison.

    下圖中的4份手寫文件顯然是戰後的記錄,Spivey和Riggs被註記在1945年6月17日戰死(KIA),被美軍從戰俘營救出的Sherdon則是9月17日退役(EOS),Lawrence雖然也被註記為戰死,括弧中的日期卻是9月28日,但不知道這代表什麼日期。幸運生還的Sherdon後來被授予Flyer’s Cross獎章,2011年去世。
    The four hand-written notes in the following images were not dated but they must have been created after the war. It is not clear why the date on the note for Lawrence was September 28. Also note the discrepancy between the KIA date of June 17 and the widely known execution date of June 19. After the war was over, Sherdon was rescued from the POW camp and returned to the US. He was awarded a Flyer’s Cross medal. In 2011, Sherdon passed away.


    Source: NARA via Fold3.com

    如果仔細一點,可以發現最上面的機員姓名表上有一位負責Radar Bomb的組員,這表示這架被擊落的B-24極有可能配備了H2X雷達,讓美軍可以在夜間或雲層上執行轟炸任務。在外型上,配有H2X雷達的B-24拆除了機腹下的機槍塔,改裝上雷達罩。下面這張珍貴的二次大戰彩色照片攝於1944年12月的德國上空,照片裡的B-24隸屬第93轟炸大隊,飛機機腹下方的白色雷達罩透露它是一架配有H2X的B-24轟炸機。
    Note that in the crew list there is a “Radar Bomb” position, indicating this particular B-24 may have been equipped with an H2X radar enabling it to bomb in the dark or above the clouds. In the rare WWII color photo below, an H2X B-24 was shown. It was assigned to the 93 BG in the European theater. The photo was taken in December 1944 over Germany.


    Source: NARA via Fold3.com

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