• 福爾摩沙之役被俘美軍 Battle of Formosa: US Prisoners of War

    Posted on July 7th, 2012 Administrator 1 comment


    Source: アジア歴史資料センター (Japan Center for Asian Historical Records)

    美國海軍雖然在1944年10月12日到14日的對台攻擊行動中大有斬獲,卻也損失了相當多的人員和飛機,這些被擊落的人員有部分被日軍俘虜,在受完偵訊後就成了戰俘。上表就是台灣軍司令部記錄這段期間被俘虜的美軍人員名冊,不過我相信真正被俘人數應該不只這些。
    Although the attack against Formosa by US Navy Task Force 38 during October 12-14, 1944, was highly successful, many US aircraft and crew were shot down. Some of them were captured and later became prisoners of war (POWs). The above table was compiled by Japan’s Taiwan Force Command on the POWs captured during this campaign. There were sixteen POWs on the list but I believed there were other POWs undocumented.

    儘管表上有許多漢字,被俘美軍的姓名卻都是用片假名表示,所以要確認他們的英文姓名有相當的難度。花了一番功夫後,我在美國的資料找到了大部分人的姓名,列於下表讓各位參考。
    Since the names of the POWs were documented in Katakana characters, it took quite some effort for me to find the English spellings in the records from the American side. I was able to get thirteen confirmed names, which are listed below.

    No. Name Aircraft Carrier Remarks
    1 McCreary, Frederick
    Earl
    USS Intrepid ARM1c USNR
    2 Unconfirmed Unconfirmed US record not found
    3 Unconfirmed Unconfirmed US record not found
    4 Johnson, Gordon Grant USS Hancock ARM3c USNR
    5 Imel, Norman Wesley USS Bunker Hill Lieut. (jg) A-V(N)
    USNR
    6 Stanley, Donald
    Curvey
    USS Cowpens Lieut. (jg) USNR
    7 Frellsen, Max Emile USS Cowpens Lieut. USN
    8 Davidson, William
    Arthur Jr.
    USS Wasp Lieut. USNR
    9 Unconfirmed Unconfirmed US record not found
    10 Buchheit, Charles F. USS Langley ARM2c USNR
    11 Walasek, Edwin John USS Wasp Ensign A-V(N) USNR
    12 Upton, William Carl USS Wasp ARM2c USNR
    13 Flinn, Kenneth Ashton USS Essex Ensign A-V(N) USNR
    14 Cross, Joseph Eugene USS Wasp AOM3c V-6 USNR
    15 Langiotti, James Roy USS Bunker Hill ARM3c USNR
    16 Sharp, Harwood S. USS Bunker Hill Lieut. (jg) USNR

    在這些俘虜中,來自俄亥俄州克里夫蘭的Gordon Johnson跟其他五名不知名的被俘美軍被飛往日本東京附近的一座監獄,經過了半年多的煎熬,他在1945年8月獲釋,之後回到美國。
    Among these POWs, Gordon Johnson, from Cleveland, Ohio, was later flown to Japan to a prison near Tokyo with five other fliers (names unknown). After several months of ordeal, he was released after the end of the war and returned to the US.

    不過原先在碉堡山號航艦(USS Bunker Hill)服役的James Langiotti和Harwood Sharp的運氣就沒那麼好了。在他們一起執行的第38次任務中,兩人乘坐的SB2C被擊落,兩人也一起被日軍俘虜,之後被送往台北監獄囚禁。1945年6月19日,他們跟其他盟軍戰俘被日軍執行槍決。三年後,兩人的骨灰罈才被發現。經過雙方家人的同意,1948年4月中,Langiotti和Sharp的骨灰一起從空中灑在夏威夷的海面上,結束了兩人共同「執行」的第39次、也是最後一次任務。
    However, James Langiotti and Harwood Sharp were not so lucky. After the SB2C they flown together were shot down on their 38th mission, both were captured and sent to the notorious Taipei Prison. On June 19, 1945, they were executed along with other Allied POWs after a mock trial. Three years later, their ashes were found in identical urns. Their parents suggested burial at sea. In April 1948, Langiotti and Sharp “flew” their 39th and last mission. Their ashes were scattered over the Pacific off Hawaii.

     

    1 responses to “福爾摩沙之役被俘美軍 Battle of Formosa: US Prisoners of War” RSS icon

    • Administrator

      Taiwan POW Camps Memorial Society的理事長來信說Frederick E. McCreary也是1945年6月19日被執行槍決的俘虜之一。
      Director of Taiwan POW Camps Memorial Society informed that Frederick E. McCreary was also one of those executed on June 19, 1945.


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