• 宜蘭飛行場(Giran Airdrome)

    Posted on September 23rd, 2011 Administrator 14 comments

    如果以現在的宜蘭市來看,日治時代的宜蘭飛行場就佔了大約四分之一的面積。連接南北兩座飛行場的疏散道(滑行道)旁,興建了許多雙拼式的飛機掩體(如下圖的1與2),鋪過的疏散道就分岔到這些掩體裡,成為宜蘭飛行場的一大特色。不過仍有少數掩體是單一獨立的,例如下圖中的3。
    Giran’s (currently Ilan) two airdromes were connected via several taxiways, along which there were many side-by-side revetments (such as 1 and 2 in the image below). Paved taxiways led right into these revetments. There were still a few isolated revetments (for example, 3 in the image below).

    下圖中的雙拼式掩體裡停了兩架飛機,右上角箭頭所指的,是現在蘭陽女中的校園(當時叫做台北州立蘭陽高等女學校)。
    Two aircraft parked in the revetments in the image below. The area pointed by the arrow corresponds to the current National Lan-Yang Girls’ Senior High School.

    在南機場的V字型開口附近,有好幾座機堡,下圖中就可以看見其中六座。這些機堡大部分被保留了下來。
    Near the opening of the V-shaped airstrip, there were several concrete aircraft shelters, most of which have been preserved.

    在下圖中,南機場V字型右邊那一畫的跑道上,停著六架飛機。
    On the airstrip corresponding to the right stroke of the “V” parked six aircraft.

    北機場跑道的北面也有好幾座機堡,而且都蓋在樹林間,隱蔽性比南機場的機堡佳。可惜這些機堡都不在了,我猜是在興建金六結營區時拆除的。
    There used to be several concrete aircraft shelters on the North Airdrome too. These shelters were hid in the woods, unlike those found on the South Airdrome, which were in the open. Unfortunately, none of the shelters on the North Airdrome remain today. I guess they were torn down when Jin Liou Jie Army camp was built.

    下面這張1969年的CORONA衛星照片中,南機場V字型左邊那一畫的跑道輪廓仍然非常清晰,右邊那一畫的跑道就看不見了。好幾條疏散道消失不見,被保留下來的也變窄了。金六結營區已經出現,北機場的外型幾乎看不出來。
    In the following 1969 CORONA satellite image, the left-hand side of the V-shaped airstrip of the South Airdrome was visible while the right-hand side had vanished. Several taxiways were also gone. Those which remained became narrower. Jin Liou Jie Army camp can be seen on the location of the former North Airdrome.

    如果您要下載kmz檔案在Google Earth上觀看,建議以「歷史圖像」的功能調整為2005年3月的衛星照片,因為Google Earth在宜蘭的預設圖片是用兩張不同時間拍攝的衛星照片拼接的,而且沒有拼得很好,痕跡非常明顯。
    If you wish to download the kmz file to view it on Google Earth, I’d suggest you use the “Historical Imagery” function to switch to the 2005/03/15 image. The default image of Ilan was made of two images taken two years apart. The image stitching caused some alignment problems.

    • Download the kmz file of the airdrome plan for Google Earth.
    • View the airdrome plan on Google Maps.
     

    14 responses to “宜蘭飛行場(Giran Airdrome)” RSS icon

    • Thanks for the updated information on Giren. When I go I will take some photos of what is left and will send them to you.
      Thanks again,
      Gene

    • 板主CHANG:

      小弟已收到您的檔案,真是幫助好多!
      已拜讀此文章,謝謝提供相當多的照片和清楚標示設施位置…

      小弟已快完成Giran南北機場場景,希望您有空能到玉山航空論壇指教…

      謝謝您的幫助

    • Gene: Many thanks in advance.
      kiwishih: 不用客氣!

    • 首先恭喜您的大作完成,而且很高興您又開始製作舊機場的詳圖,其實我對此比較感興趣.
      因為對老地圖的蒐集嗜好,可否向您要”台灣區各機場要圖”,解析不需太高,只要上面文字可辨識即可.
      感謝您.

    • 板主Chang:

      小弟已完成宜蘭南北機場場景,並公布於玉山航空論壇!
      還請板主親臨指教…

      謝謝!!

    • WENWANG:請至信箱收信。謝謝!

    • kiwishih:已經去看過您的傑作,很佩服!請問那些自然景觀是怎麼取得的?

    • 板主chang:

      很開心您喜歡小弟的小品…
      圖中的飛機是由網路上先進分享的
      另外圖中場景,房屋、油桶、石頭、木柵和跑道都取自fsx內建的物件組合而成!另外也可以加入自製3d物件和從網路上下載其它先進的作品。
      小弟技術還不成熟,目前都是使用內建物件,小弟的工作只是把所有物件挖出來放在一起罷了…

      至於您說的”自然景觀~”小弟不是很清楚,還請板主說明,謝謝

    • 我所謂自然景觀, 是指畫面上呈現的山坡, 草地, 泥地等等. 想知道你是如何決定哪裡有山有水的, 是參考照片再”畫”上去的嗎?
      我想下一個要改的部分, 是V字型的機堡, 應該用土堤圍起來會比較逼真.

    • 板大chang:

      原來的fsx就內建適當的山坡、草地和泥土地形,不過總是有不夠精確之地方,小弟利用Freeare叫ADE(Airport Design Editor)配合GOOGLE Earth的空照圖去做基本的修改…另外小弟也會參考實地照片,讓場景更加真實!!

      對於v型掩體的部份確實用土堤會較好,將列為下個版本更新,謝謝您的建議…

    • 您好 我是宜蘭的軍事迷,也是文史工作者,請教問您有關宜蘭飛行場的舊航照圖的獲得方式為何?另請教如何在玉山航空論壇上看得到您的宜蘭南北機場的大作(我是玉山航空論壇的會員)
      謝謝!

    • 目前宜蘭的日治時期的機場軍事設施大部仍存在,機堡尚存14座(包含了北機場的6座及南機場的8座),其餘如八角台、風向帶、測候所等保存均堪完整。

    • 您好:
      航照圖是經由中央研究院的的系統取得,連結如下:
      http://gissrv4.sinica.edu.tw/gis/fpmtw.aspx
      由於我不是玉山會員,所以不知道如何看到,建議您問一下其他會員。

    • 您好,我想請教您相關宜蘭機場的訪問,殊不知您是否有時間,因為我們最近在談論宜蘭三座機場的故事。


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