• 「有失國格」的老前輩

    Posted on May 4th, 2008 Administrator No comments

    聯合報系在今年4月24和25日兩天,刊出了美國在台協會台北辦事處處長楊甦棣參加玉山兵推的幾則相關新聞,其中提到了幾位立法委員對這件事的反應:

    立委林郁方痛批扁政府有失「國格」,形同把國安機密拱手提供美國,讓中華民國變成美國的附庸國。…林郁方指出,玉山兵推不是一般的軍事演習,是國家戰爭最高危機處理機制,具有高度象徵性與敏感性,而圓山指揮所是機密中的機密,竟然讓美國代表坐上我國裝甲車,還駛入指揮所,實在是非常失格。

    國民黨立委張顯耀說,玉山兵推是最高戰略推演,是中華民國的最高機密,結果楊甦棣卻可以參加,外交部事前知情嗎?

    國民黨立院黨團副書記長吳育昇上午痛批玉山兵推邀請美國在台協會台北辦事處長楊甦棣參與,非常不當、極端錯誤。他表示,陳水扁總統若想藉此給總統當選人馬英九下馬威,是非常不智的行為,治國需要大智慧,不論基於任何考量,國家機密都不能給其他國家文官參與。…立委吳育昇代表國民黨立院黨團公開譴責扁政府,同時呼籲美國在台協會應有所節制,或對楊甦棣公開「觀察」他國國安機制運作的行為做適當處理。

    立法委員依據職權監督政府、提出批評,這完全沒有問題。不過各位立委諸公似乎可以請助理再多做些歷史方面的功課,因為讓美國的文官參與、接觸中華民國的最高機密,不是二十一世紀才有的事。早在1960年代初,美國政府駐台的文官早就參與我國的國家機密了,甚至還大剌剌的把我們的國家機密帶回美國去。只是當時的立法院不流行爆料,所以沒有幾個人會關心這種事。

    根據汪士淳所著《漂移歲月──將軍大使胡炘的戰爭紀事》(聯合文學出版)第197頁:

    中情局臺北站站長克萊恩在這段期間專程把中華民國登陸華南計畫帶回華府;他自華府返臺後,於四月五日晉見蔣介石,密談了一小時。至於談話內容,胡炘並未記於日記。

    「這段期間」指的是1962年3月。【中華民國登陸華南計畫】絕對是「具有高度象徵性與敏感性」的「最高機密」,克萊恩雖是中情局的人,卻也是不折不扣的文官。胡炘當時擔任總統府侍衛長,他說的話應該有高度的可信度。

    美國政府的解密文件中也提到了這件事,但沒有清楚說明是登陸華南的計畫。《FOREIGN RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES 1961-1963, Volume XXII, CHINA; KOREA; JAPAN》的第94號文件【Memorandum From the Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Rice) to the Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs (Harriman), Washington, March 28, 1962】有如下的文字(本文中的粗體字都是我標的):

    As you may know, the CIA Station Chief in Taipei, Ray Cline, was called back to Washington for consultation shortly after your visit to Taipei. At my request, Mr. Cline called on me March 27 to brief me on his recent discussions with Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek concerning Chiang’s plans for mainland operations, and to give me his own impressions of the alternatives for United States policy which these plans entail.

    Cline indicated that he greatly wishes to discuss these considerations in person with you prior to his return to Taipei, both to have the opportunity for a fuller exploration of the implications and to be able to assure Chiang Kai-shek that the detailed information he brought about their plans and views have been passed to high officials of the United States Government, including yourself.

    美國時間3月31日,甘迺迪總統在白宮召開了一次討論中華民國反攻計畫的會議,第97號文件就是這次會議的備忘錄:

    Cline’s presentation focused attention on whether the operation would succeed rather than how we handle the GRC. Our maps came in handy. The Secretary intervened with great vigor and a strong opinion, that this operation just wouldn’t wash, etc., the plan was nonsense, and the idea that we could keep it covert was also nonsense. The GRC hand would show and so would the American hand. I said that the issue really was not whether or not the Chinese Nationalists could get back into the Mainland. They couldn’t. The issue was whether we reject the plan outright or whether we temporize.

    從這些文字看來,克萊恩把登陸計畫帶回華府後,讓美國政府的高層們徹底的研究討論了一番,「形同把國安機密拱手提供美國,讓中華民國變成美國的附庸國」(借用林郁方委員的話)。所以扁政府在四十幾年後依樣畫葫蘆,也沒什麼好奇怪的,畢竟我們在1960年代就已經變成人家的附庸國了。

    這份備忘錄的最後一段文字頗耐人尋味:

    McGeorge Bundy made the point very strongly that Ray Cline was to tell the GRC that with the appointment of a new Ambassador the United States intended to transfer to the Ambassador the special role formerly played by the CIA.

    不知道美國政府這四十幾年來是否也都延續這項政策?如果是的話,那麼楊甦棣參加玉山兵推就更可以理解了。雖然他是處長,其實等同邦交國的大使,然後又要扮演過去中情局的角色…

    至於克萊恩在晉見蔣介石時談了什麼,雖然身為總統府侍衛長的胡炘沒有在日記裡記錄,美國政府文件裡卻可以找到一些蛛絲馬跡(至於是哪一份文件,就請有興趣的人自己去挖掘了):

    An April 14 message from Cline to Bundy reported that Chiang Kai-shek had agreed to postpone the target date for possible action against the mainland from June until October and to work with U.S. officials to achieve a common understanding of the requirements of the mainland situation but that he wanted reassurance of the following: agreement on October 1 as the beginning date of the initial airdrop, agreement to begin joint study of plans for secret or open military operations to follow up a successful airdrop, and agreement that the execution and timing of an initial airdrop and subsequent action would be decided jointly by the two governments in the light of circumstances at that time.

    Leave a reply