Forty-four T-34C were ordered by the ROCAF in the early 1980s
to replace the aging AIDC T-CH-1 used by the ROCAF Academy.
Conversion began on January 28, 1985 and
the ROCAF Academy started to use T-34C as basic trainers in May 1985.
At the same time, the T-CH-1 were phased out from the Academy.
Thirty T-CH-1 were transferred to the 443rd TFW at Tainan
and were subsequently converted into A-CH-1 or R-CH-1,
which by now have all withdrawn from service.
All T-34C are assigned to the ROCAF Academy at Kangshan.
The Flight Screening Program is conducted during the second semester of cadets'
second class year in the T-34C, which inludes ten flying hours.
During the spring semester of each cadet's senior year, individuals with the most
potential to succeed at pilot training are selected.
These student pilots then begin their Basic Flight Training courses in their fifth
The Basic Flight Training includes 85 flying hours in the T-34C.
After successfully completing the Basic Flight Training, student pilots then move
on to the Advanced Flgiht Training in one of the two tracks, Fighter or Airlift.